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Puck Magazine Political Satire / Cartoons Rare Complete Easter Issue Periodical

1891 American Italian Immigrant Mafia Murder Trial Crescent City / New Orleans

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Description

Puck Magazine; Complete Easter 1891 Issue, Rare Antique Collectible Weekly Periodical.  Political Satire, Political Cartoons:  Antiquarian Ephemera, Victorian History of the Italian Immigrant Experience and the Nascent American Mafia; Murder Trial, Crescent City NOLA New Orleans.  Sensational Perverted Vigilante Justice and Lynchings by Mob of Many Thousands:  See historical Summary Below Item Details / Condition. This item is Shipped flat and unfolded with a rigid acid free covered support and protective zip lock plastic sleeve. Sent expedited and insured in a USPS priority Mail Fiber Flex Envelope.

Item Details / Condition:

  • Rare Periodical Easter Week Issue: March 25, 1891; Volume: XXIX, No. 733. 5 Full Pages Color Lithograph Images. 
  • Cover Sheet and all other pages Measure in Inches: 10 5/8 X 14 1/8
  • Preserved at Yale University Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library: 
  • Published in New York USA, 1891 by Keppler & Schwarzmann. 15 Pp.(65-80) with Irregular Pagination numbering.
  • Lithograph Cover Illustration by Louis Dalrymple (1866-1905): MAFIA is emblazoned on the blouse of the woman in the illustration.
  • Illustration Caption captures the artist's opinion regarding the jury's verdict and aftermath of the Trial: "AT THE BOTTOM OF IT ALL -- COWARDLY JURIES ARE THE FIRST CAUSE OF MOB RULE". 
  • Satirical Commentary on the infamous Crescent City Murder Trial of slain New Orleans Police Chief, David Hennessy, by an assumed Italian American Mafia Mob Hit:
  • The verdicts and violent aftermath by vigilante mob justice. See below for Historical summary of the trial and it's aftermath. 
  • Page 80, Lithograph Back Cover Illustration by Publisher / Illustrator JK (Joseph Keppler 1838-1894): Puck Lampoons the Senate; Senator J M Palmer. Caption Reads: "A SHINING EXCEPTION TO THE GENERAL RULE.—ONE SENETOR ELECTED ON HIS MERITS".
  • Above Lithograph appears to have been framed with the window opening edge showing at the left and top sides in a lighter shade from what was covered by the matted frame.
  • Page 70: Full Page Racial Negro Americana; Seven Panel Comic Strip: A BAD BREAK: Easter Spirits in Darkest Africa. Illustrator's signature is illegible.
  • Pages 72 - 73: Inside Center Fold Double Page Folio Sheet Color Lithograph: Caption reads "EASTER" with poem titled "A BALLADE OF EASTER" illustrated by FY Taylor. •
  • 23 Wonderful Black and White Cartoon illustrations interspersed through Six Text Based Pages.
  • Back Pages 75 - 79: Four Full Pages of Black and White Victorian Advertisements; One in Pumpkin Brown Color "Scott's Emulsion Cod Liver Oil".
  • Good condition for Antique Age of 126 Years: Front cover, horizontal & vertical tear 1 and 2 Inches in length at woman's sword holding left arm; some minor tearing at the original mailing fold line edges as shown in Photos.
  • All Pages Intact; yet, detached loose from original stapled center fold. Aged darker tones at the margins with some corners folded or bent off. Otherwise, well preserved historical antique ephemera.

Historical Summary of Murder Trial & Aftermath:

  • The evening after Hennessy was shot and prior to his death that next morning in October of 1890, he was asked who shot him.
  • He was reported to answer "a dago" (derogatory word used to describe an Italian day laborer).
  • 19 randomly identified Italians, culled out of the several hundred picked up by a community dragnet, were indicted for murder.
  • Nine were eventually tried beginning in February of 1891.
  • The trial marked a built up history of thirty years of anti Italian sentiment resulting from heavy Italian immigration into the city of New Orleans.
  • The indicted Italians retained a highly paid legal team and known Hennessy enemy, private detective O'Malley.
  • Six of the men were found innocent and a mistrial was declared for the remaining three men on March 13, 1891.
  • Jury tampering, intimidation, and bribery were widely assumed to have influenced the verdicts.
  • All the defendants were returned to prison in protective custody given the general dissatisfaction regarding the verdicts in addition to some outstanding indictments,
  • The very next day on March 14, 1891, a mass lynching was meted out by a crowd vigilante mob, numbered to between 6 - 8 thousand people.
  • Eleven southern Italian men were lynched and killed, who were never found guilty by a jury of any crime.
  • During the 1890s Italian Americans were subject to vigilante mob violence six times; half of those instances happening in Louisiana.
  • A US federal grand jury investigation of the lynching's found that the guilt was shared by the entire vigilante mob.
  • The crime of perverted justice was excused and no one was held accountable.
  • The United States accepted no responsibility either. Though, President Harrison paid reparations of $25,000 to the Italian government, only after the Italian's severed diplomatic relations with talk of potential war.
Shipping
  • USPS Priority Mail - United States:  $7.50 USD ($4.00 USD as additional item)
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